More than 200 million children worldwide are still in child labour and a staggering 115 million at least, are subject to its worst forms. As per the National Census 2011, India has 10.1 million child labourers in the age group of 5 to 14.
- 10.13 million child labourers between 5-14 years in India (2011 Census data)
- Child labour in 2011 has decreased by around 20% from 2001 Census Figures
- There are 22.87 million working children in India between 15-18 years.
- As per 2011 Census, 1 in 11 children are working in India (5-18 years)
- 80% of the child labour in India is concentrated in rural areas
- 168 million children are estimated to be engaged in Child Labour around the world (ILO, 2012) that means every 17th working child in the world is in India
Child labour, somehow, has become a social norm that we accept and tolerate in our society. This exploitative and abusive practice will continue unless society adopts a zero tolerance attitude towards it.Children continue to be exploited and abused because the State and people do not address children’s issues comprehensively and effectively.
However, only ‘rescuing’ children, often will not help. What is required is addressing the reasons that force children to work. Children work mainly to help their families because the adults do not have appropriate employment and adequate income. Children also work because there is a demand for cheap labour in the market. When children are forced to work long hours their ability to get adequate nourishment and to attend school is limited, preventing them from gaining education.
CRY’s efforts to stop child labour include:
- Identifying the root causes which force families and communities to allow children to be engaged in labour
- Addressing these underlying issues by interacting with parents, community leaders and children’s collective where the importance of child rights and the consequences of child labour are discussed
- Empowering communities with the knowledge to demand for proper implementation of employment schemes, food security and access to all government provisions
- In instances of child trafficking and children forced into labour, CRY and grassroots partners work on rescue, repatriation and rehabilitation of children through child protection networks under the Juvenile Justice Care & Protection Act and the Integrated Child Protection Scheme
- CRY and its partners work to create and strengthen ‘Children’s Collectives’. These forums create a platform for school-going children to play an important role in influencing children who are out of school to get enrolled/re-enrolled. They are also instrumental in voicing their opinions to parents, panchayats, government bodies and decision makers on issues related to child labour and the need for education.
Donate now and strengthen our efforts of ensuring children go to school, instead of work. Help us help them unlearn those skills which rob them of their childhood.