Gender inequality has been a social issue in India for centuries. Patriarchal norms have marked women as inferior to men and the discrimination starts from even before the girl child is born. A girl child is considered a burden and is often not even allowed to see the light of the world as she is killed in the womb of the mother. In India the child sex ratio is at the lowest it has ever been with just 914 girls for every 1000 boys (Census, 2011). And this discrimination continues in every aspect. Be it education, health, protection or participation, the girl child is always treated unequally.
- While 62% of the male children receive full immunization, among girls it is 60% of them receiving so (Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, 2012)
- Girls in India have 61% higher mortality than boys at age 1-4 years (National Family Health Survey III – NFHS)
- 56% adolescent girls (15-19 years) in India are anaemic, as against 30% adolescent boys (National Family Health Survey III – NFHS)
- School dropout rate amongst adolescent girls in India is as high as 63.5% (Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation – MoSPI, 2012)
- Nearly 45% girls In India get married before the age of eighteen years (National Family Health Survey III – NFHS)
What is required is a concerted effort to sensitise the society in eradicating this issue of gender inequality. It is high time that every child is treated equally and given every opportunity required to grow to his/her full potential.
CRY’s efforts to bring about a change in this situation include:
- Education that helps create attitudinal shifts towards gender bias and activities to spread awareness
- Continuous efforts towards breaking myths and stereotypes around gender
- Ensuring State accountability to implement various schemes, policies, laws, constitutional guarantees and international commitments
- Institutionalising gender sensitive processes within various systems such as law and programmes
- Encouraging community ownership in preventing violations based on gender discrimination
Donate now and help all children in CRY supported projects to become entitled to equal rights.