India has the maximum number of malnourished children in the world – 1 in every 2 children are malnourished. The situation is extremely critical because the effects of malnourishment are irreversible if they occur at a young age. If not death, it leads to permanent disabilities that render the children ill for the rest of their lives.

Malnutrition in India has become a situation that haunts the lives of millions of children. Among the 472 million children (2011 census), a whopping 97 million are anaemic and undernourished. For children five years or younger, close to 40% (actually 38.7%) are stunted (below normal height for the age), 19.8% are wasted (underweight and short) and 42.4% are underweight. The data-set revealed by the latest NFHS-4, states that nine out of the 11 states surveyed have not been able to reduce the rate of Infant Mortality even by 2 points annually. And that, 40 out of 1000 infants don’t get to celebrate their first birthday.

While Malnutrition and Infant Mortality Rates remain high, the budget allocated for minors, constituting 40% of India’s population remains at a meagre 4%. For example, in the village of Damodar Mohuli in Bihar, the only anganwadi in the village has been non-functional for the past 6 months. The anganwadi worker has not received her salary for this time period, and doesn’t open the centre due to lack of food and medicines. The children are suffering as a result.

A sound foundation is critical for the overall development of a human being. In fact, 90% development of the brain occurs within 5-6 years of age. Thus, to ensure a right start to life, early childhood care and learning is exceedingly important. The Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS) is one of the largest public service schemes in India catering to the need of children below the age of 6 years. This scheme, implemented from 1,974 onwards, has the potential to have the most comprehensive coverage.

Sadly, the reality is otherwise. The budget allocation for the ICDS scheme has declined by 9.6%, from 15,584 Cr (RE 2015-16) to 14,862 Cr (BE 2016-17). Some states like Maharashtra have seen a significant cut (from 3,463 crores in 2015-16 {RE} to 1,307 crores {2016-17} BE). This, for a scheme that is still only able to cover 50% of the child population of the country and clearly requires more investment.

Due to all these issues and set-backs, right now several children, women and communities are fighting the long-term ill-effects of malnourishment, chronic hunger, lack of health-care and unstable livelihoods.

Here are a few more statistics and information on the present situation:

  • Out of the 400 million children in India, every second child is malnourished (National Family Health Survey III – NFHS, 2005-06)
  • Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) in India continues to be high at 212 per 100,000 live births (Sample Registration System – SRS, 2011)
  • Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) in India continues to be high at 212 per 100,000 live births (Sample Registration System – SRS, 2011)
  • In India 22% babies are born with low birth weight (National Family Health Survey III – NFHS)
  • In India about 55% of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes children under 3 years of age are underweight compared to about 37% of children from the general population of 400 million children (National Family Health Survey III – NFHS)
  • The Under-5 Mortality Rate (U5MR) in India is 88.1% for Schedule Caste and 95.7% for Schedule Tribe children, against the national average of 59.2% (National Family Health Survey III – NFHS)
  • In India 47 out of every 1000 live births do not complete their first year of life ((Sample Registration System – SRS, 2011)
  • 79% children of the 400 million in India (6-35 months) are anaemic (National Family Health Survey III – NFHS)
  • 56% adolescent girls (15-19 years) in India are anaemic, as against 30% adolescent boys (National Family Health Survey III – NFHS)
  • Only 54% children of the 400 million in India receive full immunization (District Level Household & Facility Survey III – DLHI, 2007-08)

CRY realises this issue and works at the grassroots level with its partner organisations to ensure that communities become aware about malnutrition and informed about the situation of children and act towards bringing a positive change.

CRY’s efforts to prevent malnutrition and eradicate it from the roots focuses on the following:

  • The pregnant mother, because with proper pre-natal care, adequate food and timely health check-ups, a pregnant woman stays fit and gives birth a healthy child. Without it she transfers her ill-health to her unborn child, and sets off a cycle of malnourishment.
  • Proper immunisation procedure, as lack of healthcare during the first two years of a child’s life can contribute to a lifetime of ill health. Timely polio drops, immunisation and monitored development, are crucial to preventing malnourishment.
  • Wholesome nutrition because it is not enough to feed hunger. Without essential micronutrients like iodine, iron and vitamins, children suffer brain damage, night blindness, rickets, anaemia and even heart failure.

You too can join us. Donate now and ensure healthy and happy childhoods for children in India.