India has the maximum number of malnourished children in the world – 1 in every 2 children in India are malnourished. The situation is extremely urgent because effects of malnourishment are irreversible if they occur at a young age. If not death, it leads to permanent disabilities that render them ill for the rest of their lives. Malnourishment has become a situation that haunts the lives of millions of Indian children.
- Out of the 400 million children in India, every second child is malnourished (National Family Health Survey III – NFHS, 2005-06)
- Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) in India continues to be high at 212 per 100,000 live births (Sample Registration System – SRS, 2011)
- Girls in India have 61% higher mortality than boys at age 1-4 years (National Family Health Survey III – NFHS)
- In India 22% babies are born with low birth weight (National Family Health Survey III – NFHS)
- In India about 55% of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes children under 3 years of age are underweight compared to about 37% of children from the general population of 400 million children (National Family Health Survey III – NFHS)
- The Under-5 Mortality Rate (U5MR) in India is 88.1% for Schedule Caste and 95.7% for Schedule Tribe children, against the national average of 59.2% (National Family Health Survey III – NFHS)
- In India 47 out of every 1000 live births do not complete their first year of life ((Sample Registration System – SRS, 2011)
- 79% children of the 400 million in India (6-35 months) are anaemic (National Family Health Survey III – NFHS)
- 56% adolescent girls (15-19 years) in India are anaemic, as against 30% adolescent boys (National Family Health Survey III – NFHS)
- Only 54% children of the 400 million in India receive full immunization (District Level Household & Facility Survey III – DLHI, 2007-08)
Right now several children, women and communities are fighting the long-term ill-effects of malnourishment, chronic hunger, lack of health-care and unstable livelihoods.
CRY works at the grassroots level with its partner organisations to ensure that communities become aware and informed about the situation of children and acting towards bringing change.
CRY’s efforts to eradicate malnutrition from the roots focuses on the following:
- The pregnant mother, because with proper pre-natal care, adequate food and timely health check-ups, a pregnant woman stays fit and gives birth a healthy child. Without it she transfers her ill-health to her unborn child, and sets off a cycle of malnourishment.
- Proper immunisation procedure, as lack of healthcare during the first two years of a child’s life can contribute to a lifetime of ill health. Timely polio drops, immunisation and monitored development, are crucial to preventing malnourishment.
- Wholesome nutrition because it is not enough to feed hunger. Without essential micronutrients like iodine, iron and vitamins, children suffer brain damage, night blindness, rickets, anaemia and even heart failure.
Donate now and ensure healthy and happy childhoods for children in India.