India needs 100 years to end child labour

Article Source :Mirror

Date of Issue :9th June, 2015

Title of Article : India needs 100 years to end child labour: CRY

Details : An analysis of census data by Child Rights and You (CRY) has revealed that child labour has been decreasing at a mere 2.2 per cent per year over the last decade, contrary to popular perception of its substantial reduction. At this rate, it would take over a century for India to end child labour, the report said.

The analysis also points to a dangerous trend – while over a crore children continue to be a part of the country’s workforce, child labour in urban areas has increased by 53 per cent during 2001-2011. “This is of utmost concern especially since the enforcement machinery is primarily based in urban regions and the implementation of child protection structures is stronger in urban India.

“This increase in urban child labour could be attributed to increased migration including seasonal migration for employment as well as trafficking of unaccompanied minors,” said Komal Ganotra, director, Policy &Research, CRY. Overall, 80 per cent of such children are based in rural areas and 3 out 4of them work in agriculture as cultivators or in household industries, most of which are home-based employments, the report said.

Interestingly, more than half of child labourers in India are concentrated in five states, namely Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. These states account for more than 55 lakh child workers. Of these five states, only UP has witnessed a growth in child labour by 13 per cent with one out of five child labourers in India belonging to the state, the report said.