A Happy Childhood - some of our best memories that are irreplaceable. This Children’s Day,
CRY - Child Rights and You invites you to celebrate childhood and re-live some of your happiest memories with the ‘Child in You’ campaign.
Revisit the joy and excitement of the things that made your childhood exciting – the first day of school, writing on the first page of a new notebook, new pencil boxes and new school uniforms, laughing, playing and even getting punished with friends, sharing tiffin boxes in break-time…going to school has given us all such rich experiences. Yet for thousands of children in India, these are memories they cannot make. Because they are not in school. Because they cannot go to school or have dropped out from school. Some times because there is no school to go to.
As we celebrate Children’s Day this month, join CRY and the ‘Child in You’ campaign to ensure the right to free and quality education for every child in this country.
Right to Education Act’ 2009
The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009, which is often referred as Right to Education (RTE) Act in common parleys, came into force from 1 April, 2010. The Act provides for free and compulsory education to all children of the age of 6 to 14 years.
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Right to Education Act’ 2009
The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009, which is often referred as Right to Education (RTE) Act in common parleys, came into force from 1 April, 2010.
The Act provides for free and compulsory education to all children of the age of 6 to 14 years.
Under The Right To Education Act:
Positive highlights of the RTE Act:
- It is the duty of the State to ensure every child between 6-14 years is entitled to free and compulsory educat
- No child can be denied admission to a school due to lack of age proof or domicile certificate.
- A child can be admitted to school anytime of the year.
- Every school needs to have adequate infrastructure such as separate toilets for boys and girls; clean drinking water; a proper school build.
- No physical punishment can be meted out to children.
- Penalties will be charged to school demanding capitation fees or tuition fees for admissions.
- The number of out-of-school children has declined from 25 million in 2003 to 8.1 million in mid-2009.
- The most significant improvements have been in Bihar, Jharkhand, Manipur and Chhattisgarh.
- The percentage of out-of-school children in highly populated states like Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Orissa and Bihar remains a cause of concern.
There has been tremendous progress in improving access with 99% of habitations having a primary school within one kilometre, and 92% with an upper primary school within three kilometres.
- There have been significant improvements in the proportion of children from socially disadvantaged groups enrolled in school.
- For Scheduled Caste (SC) students, 19.7% were enrolled in 2008-2009, with 11% enrolled for Scheduled Tribe (ST) students. This is greater than their share of the population as a whole (16.2% for SCs and 8.2% for STs).
- The proportion of ST children at upper primary level is much lower, which indicates that ST children are more vulnerable to dropping out of the school system.
Gaps That continue to persist:
RTE Violations issues
- 84 out of 100 schools have drinking water facilities overall in India.
- 65 out of 100 schools have common toilets in India;
- 54 out of 100 schools have separate toilets for girls.
RTE Implementation based challenges
- Admission denied due to not having TC & Birth Certificate or local residence proof
- Parents had to pay admission fee & were asked to pay monthly fee, any kind of receipt against paid amount has not been provided to the parents by School as well.
- Children are being denied admission in mid-year or after half yearly school test
- With the no detention scheme, maintenance of standards would be a challenge
- Whether it is prohibiting tuitions or schools taking capitation fee, the Act and the State's draft rules are weak on penalties
- Training of teachers within 3 years of implementation of the RTE Act seems to be a daunting task
- Implementation of remedial teaching to realize age appropriate grade for children would be daunting task
- The main challenge is to implement the 25 per cent reservation for poor students, keeping all children in school until class V while reaching acceptable standard learning levels, monitoring private schools' recognition, establishing School Management Committees that function well, and all done with similar mechanism in all States and Territories.
- Lack of awareness among the people regarding the various provisions of RTE
- Lack of awareness regarding grievance redressal mechanism for RTE violations
- Lack of monitoring of RTE implementation
- Lack of accountability
- Multiple structures, systems and functions
- Lack of clarity on issues such as 25% reservation for Economically Weaker Sections in private schools