The 2012 Global Report on Trafficking in Persons released by United Nations Office on Drug and Crime (UNODC) has revealed that 27 per cent of all victims of human trafficking officially detected globally between year 2007 and 2010 are children. Child trafficking either happens for sex trade or for child labour. India has been a source, destination as well as a transit country for this illegal activity.
It is the children of the poor and marginalized communities who are often trafficked to be forced into labour. Parents of these children are either betrayed or lured due to their poor socio-economic conditions thus forcing them to ‘send’ or ‘sell’ their children for better livelihood options.
In India, there is a great need for convergence and implementation of comprehensive child protection mechanisms. The Indian children are exposed to multiple vulnerabilities.
Child protection is one of the priorities for CRY. While the programme focuses on prevention of issues like child trafficking in the intervention areas, it also deals with the aspects of ‘rescue’, ‘restoration’ and ‘rehabilitation’ of the trafficked victims.
The way CRY works with this issue is:
- By spreading awareness about the issue among Children, Guardians, Schools, Community and the Panchayati Raj Institutions on one hand and on the other hand by strengthening the system for ensuring a safety net for vulnerable children
- Undertaking researches to identify the gap areas in order to advocate with the Government
- Engaging with the District Child Protection Officer and the Juvenile Justice System for effective treatment of the cases of trafficking
- By facilitating the process of establishing inter-linkages between CRY partners in all states working/facing the same issue/situation utilizing their expertise, Information Education Communication materials, network and contacts to address the issue of Trafficking
- By providing need based support in the area of rescue, in alliance with the Police, C.I.D, Child Line, Directorate of Social Welfare and the Juvenile Justice System.
- By emphasizing on strategies that would concertedly take up the issue of booking of perpetrators and look at the rescued child as ‘victim’, as opposed to the Child in Conflict with the law
- By helping our partner NGOs to design linkages through which it is ensured that the child is rehabilitated and is able to become economically independent, with support from the various Government & Non-Governmental schemes
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